Best white spruce provenances in Ontario

  • 36 Pages
  • 1.17 MB
  • English
Science Branch, Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada , Ottawa
White spruce -- Provenances -- Ontario., White spruce -- Ontario -- Gr


Ontario., On

Other titlesMeilleures provenances d"épinette blanche en Ontario
StatementE.K. Morgenstern and P. Copis.
SeriesInformation report ;, ST-X-16, Information report (Canadian Forest Service. Science Branch) ;, ST-X-16.
ContributionsCopis, P., Canadian Forest Service. Science Branch.
LC ClassificationsSD397.W47 M67 1999
The Physical Object
Pagination34, 36 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6843801M
ISBN 100662640098
LC Control Number00344484

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Morgenstern, E. Kristian (Erwin Kristian), Best white spruce provenances in Ontario. Ottawa: Science Branch, Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada, Best white spruce provenances in Ontario.

by Morgenstern, E. Ottawa: 70 Black spruce 64 White spruce 63 Growth 54 Control more Books 58 Vertical Files 4 General Collection 1 Atlases 1 Map. white spruce, but were poorer than white spruce introduced from Ontario.

This is because both the Russian Norway spruce and local Wisconsin white spruce best provenances were from Crucea and Valea Bistrei in Romania, Svinosice in IPersonal communication,   This paper describes the pattern of genetic variation for growth potential among white spruce provenances in Alberta.

It uses total height and diameter at breast height at years from seed to identify provenance differences in. Abstract. We investigated the distribution of genetic variation among and within provenances, the extent of genetic control in growth and bud phenology traits and potential of early testing of height growth for open-pollinated families from 57 provenances of white spruce (Picea glauca) from Quebec and ances and families within provenances showed significant.

This paper discusses the genetic variation of white spruce provenances originating and tested in Alberta based on year height and diameter at breast height (dbh).

It follows the format of a similar paper describing genetic variation of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Doug.) in Alberta (Rweyongeza et al.

Southern Ontario white spruce provenances also survived and grew well in central Alberta where winter climatic conditions were cold as or colder than those of the northern Ontario series trial locations (Rweyyongeza et al. Therefore, as shown by our results, almost all the white spruce provenances can survive the historical winter.

WHITE SPRUCE WHERE WHITE SPRUCE GROWS BEST White spruce is one of the farthest ranging conifers in North America. It is found across Canada and throughout Ontario. This hardy tree survives in a variety of climates and sites. SOIL White spruce grows well in a wide variety of site and moisture conditions.

It grows best on well-drained, moist File Size: KB. of white spruce in that region. Further gains could be made by selecting the fastest growing trees of the best seed-sources.

Another possibility would be to start tests of new selections made in the region of origin of the best sources (Nienstaedt ). Seed from the Beachburg source is not available in Ontario.

In the broad area from the Lake States through adjacent Ontario and east through parts of New England, Quebec, and New Bruns- wick, white spruce from the Lower Ottawa Valley and adjacent areas (Beachburg and Peterborough, fig.

2) probably will be the best choice of provenances on the basis of the available information. ii Best white spruce provenances in Ontario book Parker, W.H. and M.R. Lesser, Focal point seed zones for white spruce in Ontario. Keywords: white spruce, Picea glauca, focal point seed zone, provenance test, adaptive variation.

White spruce (Picea glauca [Moench] Voss.) is distributed widely throughout the boreal forest of Ontario and the rest of Size: 2MB. In the milder environment, white spruce provenances from south-central Ontario survived similar to those from northern Ontario and eastern Canada (87 vs.

85%; P).Cited by: while the other trial has provenances covering the whole Canadian dis-tribution of white spruce, with some provenances present in both trials. Both trials have five blocks each, with nine trees per block for the Alberta trial and five trees per block for the Canada-wide trial.

They were estab - lished in with four-year- old Size: 1MB. ABSTRACT: Fifteen provenances of white spruce (Picea glauca var. glauca) from Canada were studied in Western Maryland (elevation 2, feet). The experiment was replicated in 20 blocks. Five years after planting the survival was %.

Two most northern provenances ( N. or more) were the slowest growing. The most rapidly growing progeny originated from. Previous laboratory and field studies have presented evidence for the existence of limestone ecotypes in white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss).

Remeasurements of the range-wide series of pr Cited by: 7. Height, diameter, and survival data were obtained from 20 range-wide black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.)BSP) provenance trials established from to Population response functions based on February minimum temperatures were developed for 23 Ontario and Great Lakes states provenances to predict climate values maximizing height growth for individual Cited by: In Europe, numerous Norway spruce (Picea abies L.

Karst.) provenance trials have been established and evaluated at a juvenile age. Still, information about the adaptation potential and long-term fitness of transferred seedlots in the Baltic Sea region is lacking. The aim of the study was to evaluate the adaptation capacity of provenances and assess the patterns of their long Author: Pauls Zeltiņš, Juris Katrevičs, Arnis Gailis, Tiit Maaten, Iveta Desaine, Āris Jansons.

Therefore, we suggest a rake angle of 15 degrees as the best condition for planing white spruce wood from plantation forests. Effect of feed rate on planing quality. -- Generally, the number of knife cuts per inch is strongly and negatively correlated with Missing: Ontario.

Impacts of Tree Improvement Programs on Yields of White Sources of meta-data for white spruce provenances (Sw meta-dataset) in the boreal Institute (PNFI) in Ontario along with the 25 provenances that were tested at the site. 33 Figure Stand-level model by Prégent et al. () modified for yields of differentCited by: 1.

cators of white spruce provenances across all 16 trials. We anticipate the usefulness of such information in: (1) the development of an ISAM strategy to adapt white spruce to climate change within and outside Ontario, (2) assessing vulnerability of existing forests to climate change, and (3) contributing to policies for conserving genetic Cited by: Shoot elongation patterns of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) from natural populations in Ontario were studied for 2-year-old seedlings in a greenhouse and 7-year-old trees in a field provenance elongation curves were fitted with a logistic function for individual seedlings and trees, from which several shoot elongation rhythm variables were by: 9.

To investigate genetic variation in the response of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) to CO 2 eleva-tions, one-year-old seedlings of 11 provenances from Ontario.

White spruce seeds from 11 sources of different geo-graphic origins in Ontario were obtained from the Canadian Forest Service. The location and elevation of the 11 seed sources are summarized in Table 1. Table 1. Seed Source Origins of 11 Ontario White Spruce Provenances.

Twenty-five provenances of white spruce were planted in in tree plots and three replications as part of a provenance test series for eastern Canada.

The experiment was well maintained and thinned to 50% of its original stocking in (age 26 years from seed).Measurements at age 44 were subjected to analyses of variance and Cited by: 7. Some wood, such as Northern white cedar, is expensive because it is a slow-growing species and is difficult to harvest in commercial quantities.

Other wood, such as Southern yellow pine, is less expensive because it is a fast-growing species that is sufficiently available in commercial quantities in many of the Southeastern g: Ontario. White Spruce, Picea glauca (Moench) Voss This species is also called northern spruce, Canadian spruce, and cat spruce (Nova Scotia).

Generally it is about 50 feet in height and 1 1/2 to 2 feet in diameter, but occasionally reaches a diameter of 4 feet and a height of feet.

White spruce provenances could be transferred long distances with small relative risk.

Details Best white spruce provenances in Ontario PDF

spruce. Provenances from southeastern Ontario and western The best. White spruce Exp 30 13 Exp 75 17 Exp 41 20 and 28 provenances. 4th (three sites), and 5th and 8th at the other two sites. Teich Canada simple design, white spruce of a Beachburg, Ontario provenance grew percent taller.

Download Best white spruce provenances in Ontario FB2

Samples of seed of white spruce (Picea glauca [Moench] Voss) from 36 individual trees, collected in from 5 provenances in Ontario, Canada, were placed in frozen storage at ˚C (-4 ˚F) in and in storage at 4 ˚C (39 ˚F) in Seed was removed from both storage temperatures and tested in and Seed moisture.

We selected two provenances from five distinct regions that covered most of the white spruce distribution (Figure 1, Table 1). The provenance selections for Alberta corresponded to the three regions that showed genetic differences in previous studies (Rweyongeza et al., ): northern Alberta (nAB), central Alberta (cAB), and Foothills (FH).Cited by: 6.

Figure 1: Location of ten white spruce provenances from Ontario and Quebec 11 Ten white spruce provenances growing on two soils (acid and basic) in a split-plot design experiment Representative split-plot (plot #3) with ten white spruce provenances growing on an acid (right) and basic (left) soil at the time of harvest Representative seedlings.

Description Best white spruce provenances in Ontario FB2

White spruce provenances from within Ontario (black circles) included in the ‐series provenance tests and 10 locations of test habitats used for this study. The green area represents the natural range of white spruce in Ontario. The rectangles identify the areas of 10 climatic by: 4.3.

Blue Wonder Blue Spruce (Picea glauca ‘Blue Wonder’): This sweet little spruce is winter hardy down to degrees has beautiful blue-gray foliage and a lovely compact form.

This dwarf evergreen is an excellent alternative to dwarf Alberta spruce and it looks great in winter container plantings, too.